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Timely detect and treat abnormal behaviors horse



 Although horses bring happiness and fun for their owners, they may cause many problems. Horses, like children can't talk to others to say their demands and emotions orally, so they try to show their pain, or even mental problems by their behavior. Horses communicate in two ways: by body language, and by vocalizations. These 'languages' are a bit harder and more detailed to understand than words that form sentences. Horses are well known for their keen sensory perception. They are alert to changes in their environment and have utilized their adept perception to facilitate survival. Sensory perception is the way a horse monitors its environment, its own situation, and changes that take place. So, the behaviors of a horse are very divers. Understanding the mental problems, is the first step to solve this problem. Horse's abnormal behaviors have physical or mental origin in many cases.



Imagine you work somewhere which your boss pay not any attention to your physical-mental condition. Under any condition you must be present at work, even if you are sick. You might do your duties for a while, but finally you will show your protest in different ways. Now imagine that you are forced to live alone in a small room and only can breath in free air for a small time. Certainly you become an angry and depressed person after a while. Both of these examples are the reality of horses live and since they are not able to express their emotions, they show aggressive behaviors. In such condition, your duty as a horse owner is to find your horse misbehavior origin, physically or mentally, and resolve it in the best way and even get help from a veterinarian or an experienced coach.


The horse misbehaviors are often in two forms, defensive and nervous which have mental origin or pain in an organ of the body. At the following we express some current behaviors which horses show.


If you observed an aggressive behavior of your horse, know that has a physical reason. In this case, even during feeding, riding, walking, etc., your horse may show aggression. For example, one of the experienced horse owners says that by transition of his horse to a new area, it's misbehavior has been resolved. After investigating he resulted that the horse had not opportunity to eat food in the previous stall, and always had been hungry, and this was the reason of showing nervous behaviors. Also having pain in some part of body is another reason for showing misbehavior especially during riding.


Lazy horses do not desire to give ride and often hump. Exuberant, playful horses while galloping at liberty sometimes exhibit bucking followed by a kick.




If your horse has pain in the back, feet or neck, it evades from giving ride. It shakes the tail when you come close, avoids you and shows unpleasant feeling to you in this way.




Most of horses which walk backwards are not trained well or want to frighten the rider. But sometimes horses which have pain or do not have good saddle or healthy teeth also walk backwards.




Among reasons of disinclination to move we can point feeling pain in feet, back, neck or other parts of the horse body. Some horses do not want to move because of laziness and/or bad training. Bad hoof correction also decreases the horse's desire to give ride.




Insanity is common among horses, but some horses show it more than others. The reason is feeling pain in back muscles of the horse which can be resolved with a physiotherapy treatment period.




In this part we discuss about abnormal nervous behaviors of horses and their reasons. The origin of these behaviors can be genetic or inheritance and appears when the horse is under stress.




When the horse is starving, eats food very fast and without chewing it well and this can cause esophagus or intestine obstruction.




One astounding and also very common behavior among horses is biting which is because of internal disorders. This term is sometimes confused with wood-chewing, but is more serious. Cribbing actually involves the grasping of a surface (often wood) with the teeth and swallowing air. The entrance of air to the stomach causes endorphin secretion in body and relaxes the horse. This behavior can cause horses to lose weight, and it makes them more prone to colic. One of the most common reasons of cribbing which can damage incisor teeth, is severe depression. Cribbing is sometimes incorrectly referred to as wind-sucking, but “wind-sucking” is a problem of mares when air is pulled into the vagina.


STROLLING(stall walking)


In this case the horse always is walking around the stall. Stall walking can take the form of rapid walking and turning in the stall accompanied by neighing and frequent defecation, or it can be slow and methodical walking with no autonomic component. It is usually seen in individually stalled animals but can also be seen in group paddocks during angriness. This behavior causes damage of feet.




When horses are exhausted or have numerous anxiety, they lose their calmness and begin to linger and shaking the head continuously . A tired horse will usually place the hind-foot short of the impression made by the forefoot this behavior can damage the feet.





Windsucking is a distressing behavior. Owners report that afflicted horses tend to be under weight, sustain damage to teeth and become prone to colic among other problems.



This behavior is similar to cribbing. The horse catches a horizontal surface between the teeth, bends the neck and swallows the air and begins to whining or catches the air inside the lungs without giving anything between the teeth. Usually depressed horses or those have colic because of eating roughage food, will suck the air.




You should pay high attention in the case of rebellious horses, since they may invade you without any reason at any time and seriously injure you. Kicking with one or both hind-legs, while the forelegs remain in contact with the ground, is a common aggressive pattern of horses. In this case it is better to visit a specialist veterinarian and consult him about resolving the problem.


Dealing with a horse which has abnormal nervous behaviors is very difficult. Their behaviors may not damage you, but is very dangerous and harmful for them.

In such cases the best action is to take the animal to the nature and let it grazing. The horse will discharge emotionally by walking in the nature and become calm. This approach is very useful at the case of strolling, lingering, eating fast, but unfortunately treatment of nervous behaviors such as cribbing and wind sucking is very difficult and is not possible in most horses.